Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences

    Two major factors are likely to have caused recent elephant population declines: carrying capacity reductions and hunting for ivory. A model is developed to disentangle the effects of these two factors on elephant population dynamics since 1814. The model suggests that carrying capacity reductions were a major cause of elephant population declines in the 19th Century and first half of the 20th Century, but that, since 1950, hunting for ivory has been the cause of an increasingly rapid population decline. These results are extremely robust to changes in parameter values within a reasonable range.

    Footnotes

    This text was harvested from a scanned image of the original document using optical character recognition (OCR) software. As such, it may contain errors. Please contact the Royal Society if you find an error you would like to see corrected. Mathematical notations produced through Infty OCR.