Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
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Theme issue ‘Synchrony and rhythm interaction: from the brain to behavioural ecology’ compiled and edited by Michael D. Greenfield, Henkjan Honing, Sonja Kotz and Andrea Ravignani

Displays of synchronous behaviour figure prominently among the spectacles of the living world. Precisely-timed flashing of fireflies in the Indo-Malayan region, unison chorusing by periodical cicadas in eastern North America, and alignment of daily activity in the dawn choruses of many songbirds are some of the more noteworthy examples among animals, to which human dance and music must, of course, be added. This theme issue assembles current research findings and synthetic reviews that use cross-disciplinary approaches to examine the mechanisms, adaptations, and evolution of coordinated, collective behaviour. These reports reveal surprising parallels, at the level of both neural control and the synchrony thereby generated, across a wide range of species, time scales and behavioural contexts. Phylogenetic relationships suggest that most parallels reflect convergent evolution, implying that the number of solutions to common problems could be limited.

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INTRODUCTION

Introduction
Synchrony and rhythm interaction: from the brain to behavioural ecology
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200324

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0324

ARTICLES

Opinion piece
Vocal learning as a preadaptation for the evolution of human beat perception and synchronization
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200326

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0326

Review articles
Mapping between sound, brain and behaviour: four-level framework for understanding rhythm processing in humans and non-human primates
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200325

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0325

Review articles
Rhythm and timing as vulnerabilities in neurodevelopmental disorders
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200327

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0327

Research articles
Linking the genomic signatures of human beat synchronization and learned song in birds
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200329

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0329

Research articles
A metastable attractor model of self–other integration (MEAMSO) in rhythmic synchronization
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200332

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0332

Research articles
Extreme precision in rhythmic interaction is enabled by role-optimized sensorimotor coupling: analysis and modelling of West African drum ensemble music
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200331

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0331

Research articles
Cross-frequency coupling explains the preference for simple ratios in rhythmic behaviour and the relative stability across non-synchronous patterns
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200333

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0333

Review articles
Multilevel rhythms in multimodal communication
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200334

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0334

Review articles
Rhythmic abilities in humans and non-human animals: a review and recommendations from a methodological perspective
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200335

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0335

Opinion piece
An ecological approach to measuring synchronization abilities across the animal kingdom
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200336

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0336

Review articles
Rhythm in dyadic interactions
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200337

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0337

Review articles
Rhythm interaction in animal groups: selective attention in communication networks
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200338

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0338

Research articles
The dual benefits of synchronized mating signals in a Japanese treefrog: attracting mates and manipulating predators
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200340

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0340

Research articles
Imperfect synchrony in animal displays: why does it occur and what is the true role of leadership?
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200339

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0339

Research articles
Social synchronization of circadian rhythms with a focus on honeybees
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200342

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0342

Research articles
Species relationships in the extremes and their influence on community stability
Published:23 August 2021Article ID:20200343

https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0343